Reptiles of Comoros
Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas)
Named for the green color of the oil under the shell.
Description: It is easy to distinguish from the other sea turtles since there are two pairs of prefrontal scales (one before the eyes) rather than two pairs on the other sea turtles. Head blunt with a small and serrated jaw. The shell is bony without ridges and contains only large, non-overlapping, pointed (scales) with 4 lateral impacts. The body is almost oval and more irregular (flattened) compared to Pacific green turtles. There are 1 visible claws on all pallets. Crust color varies from pale to dark green and from plain to very bright yellow, brown and green with bright stripes. Puppies are dark brown or white at the bottom and white flank edges are almost black.
To make a comparison, the Pacific green turtle (also known as the Black Sea Turtle) has a body that is too high or vaulted compared to the other green sea turtles and looks less rounded in appearance. The color is where you see the biggest difference with the Pacific greens with dark black darkness, and the pups are black with a white edge with dark brown or white bottom.
Size: Adults are between 3 and 4 feet with cloves length (83 - 114 cm). The green turtle is the largest of the family of Cheloniidae. The largest green turtle found was 5 feet (152 cm) and 871 pounds (395 kg).
Weight: Adults are between 240 and 420 liras (110 - 190 kg).
Diet: Significant changes throughout life. 8 to 10 inches long, consumes worms, young crustaceans, aquatic insects, grasses and algae. When the green turtles reach a length of 8 to 10 inches, they are mostly sea weed and moss, and the only sea turtle that is definitely herbivorous as an adult. Their jaws are thinly serrated, which helps them tear the vegetation.
Habitat: Staying close to the islands and islands, especially in coastal areas with seaweed beds and living on protected coasts. Rarely, they are observed in the open ocean.
Nesting: Green turtles nest at intervals of every two years and there are wide annual fluctuations in the number of nesting teeth. Slots 3 to 5 times per season. The eggs are incubated for approximately 60 days, leaving 115 eggs in each well. The green turtle is the second largest after the back of the skin. They can withstand 500 lb (225 kg) weight and reach four feet (1.2 m) in length. The adult is a herbivore who eats on sea grasses, algae, algae and other marine plants. Its beaks are sharp and fine serrated, perfectly adapted to graze on seaweed beds and to cut algae from hard surfaces.
This species is the only one who regularly comes ashore to sunbathe. Basking takes place only in Hawaii, especially in the northwest Hawaiian island chain, the Galapagos Islands and some parts of Australia.
Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata)
Description: The hawksbill is one of the smaller sea turtles. Head is narrow and has 2 pairs of prefrontal scales (scales in front of its eyes). Jaw is not serrated. Carapace is bony without ridges and has large, over-lapping scutes (scales) present and has 4 lateral scutes. Carapace is elliptical in shape. Flippers have 2 claws. The carapace is orange, brown or yellow and hatchlings are mostly brown with pale blotches on scutes.
Size: Adults are 2.5 to 3 feet in carapace length (71 – 89 cm).
Weight: Adults can weigh between 101 and 154 lbs (46 – 70 kg).
Diet: The hawksbill’s narrow head and jaws shaped like a beak allow it to get food from crevices in coral reefs. They eat sponges, anemones, squid and shrimp.
Habitat: Typically found around coastal reefs, rocky areas, estuaries and lagoons.
Nesting: Nest at intervals of 2 to 4 years. Nests between 3 to 6 times per season. Lays an average 160 eggs in each nest. Eggs incubate for about 60 days. Most tropical of all sea turtles. Tropical and subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans.
Caretta caretta (loggerhead turtle)
This turtle is a rare visitor of the Comoros and would nest and feed in more northern part of the world such as the Sultana of Oman. This loggerhead was taken is Turkey offshore Antalya during a marine mammals and sea turtles survey.
Rainbow Agama (Agama agama)
His colors are amazing!!!
Very cool lady!!!
The Rainbow Agama is a species of lizard from the Agamidae family, found in most of Subsaharan Africa.
It can often be seen in the heat of the day. In the breeding season, the males develop their most dramatic markings, the head and neck and also tail turning bright orange, and the body dark blue. Outside of the breeding season, the male is a plain brown. The females and juveniles are always more cryptically marked. This lizard can be climbing rocks and walls. The diet is insects.
The males are territorial claiming relatively small to medium patches of land that they defend against other mature males. Juveniles and females reside within the territories unchallenged. The mature males become agitated when confronting each other; nods vigorously, arching, skipping sideways, and clashing tails. The loser is chased out of the territory.
Cryptoblepharus boutonii (Snake-eyed Skink)
This species inhabits the Grand Comore Island, in the Comoros. The area in which this species is distributed is approximately 1,053 km. Coastal habitats, hence sometimes classified as (partly) “marine”
Hemidactylus platycephalus (Tree Geko)
Hemidactylus platycephalus, also known as the tree gecko, flathead leaf-toed gecko, or Baobab gecko, is a species of gecko. It is widely distributed in eastern Africa between Somalia in the north and Mozambique and Madagascar in the south.
Phelsuma comorensis Boettger, is a species of geckos that lives on the island Grande Comore and typically dwells on trees. It feeds on insects and nectar. these animals can be fed with crickets, wax moth, fruit flies, mealworms and houseflies.
This lizard belongs to the smallest day geckos. It can reach a maximum length of about 12 centimetres (4.7 in). The body colour is olive green or pale green. A rost-coloured stripe extends from the nostril to the eye. A black lateral stripe extends from the eye to the hind leg. On the lower back there are brownish or red-brick coloured dots. The legs have dark spots.
Distribution: This species is only known from the island Grande Comore. It is found in higher areas (600 meters and upwards)
Habitat: P. comorensis is often found on a variety of pantropic vegetation.
Diet: These day geckos feed on various insects and other invertebrates. They also like to lick soft, sweet fruit, pollen and nectar.
Reproduction: The females are very productive and lay up to 8 pairs of eggs per year. Juveniles reach sexual maturity after only 4–5 months.
Hemidactylus mercatorius is a species of gecko.There has been confusion between this species and Hemidactylus mabouia, making it difficult to establish the ranges of these species.While the Reptile Database gives Hemidactylus mercatorius a wide distribution in eastern Africa
Lycodryas cococola a genus of lamprophiid snakes. Eight species are endemic to the island of Madagascar and two to the Comoros Islands.They are harmless to humans.
Brahminy Blind Snake (Typhlopidae)
A very common, but rarely seen, species which spends much of its time burrowing in soil and leaf litter. They may be encountered when digging in soil, when turning over logs or rocks or after a heavy downpour when they are forced to the ground surface. This is one of the world's smallest snakes, rarely exceeding 20 cm in length. The body is dark brown to black throughout. The head is barely discernible from the body, and the tiny eyes appear as black dots. Virtually blind this snake can, however, distinguish between light and dark. The tail is short and blunt and bears a short, sharp spine. The Brahminy Blind Snake feeds on small invertebrates, mainly ant larvae and pupae. The species is the only known parthenogenetic snake i.e. all specimens are female and reproduction is asexual.